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Ribeirão Preto hosts the French football team

Written by  21 Feb 2014
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In June 2014, Ribeirão Preto will host one of the biggest sporting events in the planet: the FIFA World Cup. We are very proud the French football team will be based in our city during the games!

 

Learn the history, culture and infrastructure of Ribeirão Preto, a city influenced by France in several ways!

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Ribeirão Preto (Portuguese for "black stream") is a city in the State of Sao Paulo, Brazil. It is nicknamed Brazilian California because of a combination of an economy based on agribusiness plus high technology, wealth and sunny weather all over the year. With more than 600,000 inhabitants, Ribeirão Preto is the eighth largest municipality in the state. With a total area of 652,2 square kilometers, its latitude is 21º 10' 42" South e 47º 48' 24" West; and it is 330 km far from the capital city and 708 km far from Brasília, the federal capital. The average altitude is 546,8 m. Ribeirão Preto is in the center of a urban agglomeration with more than one million inhabitants.

 

Vista Aérea RP - 2010

 

The city was founded in June 19th, 1856, by farmers who came from the southeast of Sao Paulo State to search good climate and soil for coffee growing. The city was laid by a stream called "Black Stream" and was named after it. Eventually the farmers' choice revealed very adequate and the fertile soil of the area allowed the highest crop productivity in Brazil.

 

After the New York Stock Exchange crash in 1929, the economy of Ribeirão Preto, based only on exportation crops, collapsed, and the city had to adapt to a new situation. Since the city is relatively far from other major Brazilian urban centers, it found a new economic vocation in the services and commercial sector, which was developed to meet the local and regional demands.

 

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The second economic boom in the history of Ribeirão Preto occurred after the oil crisis in the 1970s. The increase in the oil price forced Brazil to look for alternative means of fueling and the solution found was the sugarcane ethanol program, or Pro-Álcool as it was called. The program led to the development of a technology which allows the use of ethanol either as automotive fuel or as a gasoline additive to improve performance and decrease polluting emissions. Due to the Pró-Álcool program, local farmers were encouraged by government subsidies to grow sugarcane. The high productivity of the land around Ribeirão Preto rapidly placed the region as the biggest ethanol and sugar producer of the world, being responsible for 30 percent of Brazil's sugarcane ethanol.

 

In an opposite direction to what had happened during the city's first economic boom, this time Ribeirão Preto farmers and entrepreneurs did not concentrate themselves exclusively on a single crop and diversified their investments making the city one of the most important agribusiness centers of Brazil. Besides sugar and ethanol, Ribeirão Preto's major products are orange juice, cotton, rice, meat, dairy products, textiles, machinery, steel, furniture, building materials, agrochemicals, pharmaceuticals and beer.

 

The sugarcane boom brought a new age of prosperity for the city, which was called the "Brazilian California" during the 1980s and early 1990s, and this has increased the city's wealth and turned it into a sophisticated center of services for Brazil and South America.

 

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Ribeirão Preto is a very warm city during the whole year. Generally between the months of May and September the temperature drops considerably in the mornings and at nights, but it is still warm during the afternoons. It is strongly important to remember that in these months, the air humidity is considerably very low and it rarely rains.

 

 

*With the collaboration of Imprensa FEA-RP

Read 15579 times Last modified on Monday, 24 February 2014 11:00
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